The millennium goals are objectives set in 2000 by the 191 UN General Assembly countries. Altogether, they consist of eight specific goals each country must achieve by 2015, seeking to meet a global target.
Brazil has practically met most of them. The overall goals are: 1) Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; 2) universal primary education; 3) promote gender equality and empower women; 4) reduce child mortality; 5) improve maternal health; 6) combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases; 7) ensure environmental sustainability; and 8) develop a global partnership for development.
For goal number 1, Brazil needed to reduce extreme poverty to one quarter of what we had in 1990. With the Brazil without Poverty and Bolsa Família programs, both global examples, the drop was five times faster than expected. For MDG 2, we achieved a school attendance index of 97.7% and a 98.7% literacy rate. Women are increasingly autonomous in Brazil: there was an increase in their representation in power and there is no inequality in extreme poverty rates between genders. The fourth index was met four years ahead of schedule — to reduce the infant mortality rate by two-thirds. Maternal health also improved: almost all pregnant women had at least one prenatal medical visit in 2011. Brazil’s combat of HIV/AIDS and other diseases are a world example, with universal free treatment that led to mortality of hiv-positive individuals to the lowest rate in history. For MDG 7, we needed to halve the proportion of people without water and sanitation. Access to safe water rose from 70% in 1990 to 85.5% in 2012 and sewage disposal from 53% to 77% in the same period. We further reduced deforestation and the emission of substances that deplete the ozone layer. For the last of the goals, Brazil is participating in Technical Cooperation through Mercosul, the C4 Project in Africa, the South American Infrastructure and Planning Council, the Decentralized International Cooperation council and undergraduate and graduate Student Programs and Agreements.